The use of bone cement for implant fixation in the surgical management of intracapsular hip fractures (IHFs) remains controversial.
Although UK national guidance supports cementation, many surgeons remain cautious of its use.
In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate evidence surrounding post-operative mortality associated with cemented and uncemented total hip replacement and hemiarthroplasty implants.
We conducted a search of MEDLINE and Embase databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) from commencement until 17 June 2020.
Articles reporting mortality or patient survival as an outcome following total hip replacement (THR) or hemiarthroplasty (HA) to manage IHFs were included. Articles not comparing cemented and uncemented fixation were excluded.
A meta-analysis on mortality stratified by post-operative follow-up period was conducted using a fixed-effects model. The Revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials was used to assess risk of bias.